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INTRODUCTION HEADER

To set forth expectations that ensure the broad and responsible sharing of genomic research data, NIH issued the Genomic Data Sharing (GDS) Policy in August 2014, both the NIH Guide Grants and Contracts (available at http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-14-124.html), and the Federal Register (available at https://federalregister.gov/a/2014-20385).

The NIH GDS Policy became effective for competing grant applications submitted for the January 25, 2015, receipt date; contract proposals submitted to NIH on or after January 25, 2015; and for intramural projects generating genomic data on or after August 31, 2015. The NIH GDS Policy applies to all NIH-funded research (e.g., grants, contracts, and intramural research) that generates large-scale human or non-human genomic data, regardless of the funding level, as well as the use of these data for subsequent research. Large-scale data include genome-wide association studies (GWAS), single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) arrays, and genome sequence, transcriptomic, epigenomic, and gene expression data. Examples of genomic research projects that are subject to the Policy and the timeline for submission and sharing of data from such projects may be found in the Supplemental Information to the NIH GDS Policy (available at http://gds.nih.gov/pdf/supplemental_info_GDS_Policy.pdf).

More information on the NIH GDS Policy is available at http://gds.nih.gov/03policy2.html. Questions about the Policy can be e-mailed to GDS@mail.nih.gov.

 
IN THE SPOTLIGHT HEADER

NIH Requests Information on Processes for database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP) Data Submission, Access, and Management

On February 21, 2017, NIH published a Request for Information (RFI) in the NIH Guide to Grants and Contracts to seek information from the public on the dbGaP study registration, data submission, and data access and management processes. Comments will be accepted through April 7, 2017. Comments received, including any personal information, will be posted without change after the close of the comment period to the following website: http://osp.od.nih.gov.

NIH will use the responses to the RFI to consider options to improve and streamline dbGaP processes, in order to maximize the utility of this valuable and important resource.

Please also see the accompanying “Under the Poliscope” blog post published February 21, 2017 by Dr. Carrie D. Wolinetz, Associate Director for Science Policy, National Institutes of Health.

For more information or additional questions, please contact the NIH Office of Science Policy, by email at SciencePolicy@od.nih.gov or by telephone at 301-496-9838.

The dbGaP Data Browser: A New, Rapidly Accessed NCBI Resource for Viewing dbGaP Data

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP) is an important resource for researchers studying the genomic contributions to human health and disease. Researchers can access dbGaP data through a system designed to protect research participant privacy and honor the consent conditions participants agreed to when joining a research study. Recently, a new tool, the dbGaP Data Browser, was developed that allows scientists to more readily access some dbGaP data, while still protecting participant privacy. The Browser provides view-only access to data authorized for general research use through a simplified approval process, allowing researchers to view and better understand dbGaP data and to make better-informed decisions about requesting full access to particular datasets. For detailed information about the new dbGaP Data Browser, see nar.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/11/29/ nar.gkw1139.full.

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